Triglycerides are a type of fat found in the blood. Excess amounts are stored in fat cells and released for energy between meals. High levels of triglycerides can increase the risk for heart disease. Fortunately, a few simple things can be done to lower triglycerides and improve overall health. Testosterone helps to maintain muscle, red blood cells, bone growth and sexual function. As a man ages, his testosterone levels can decline to the point where he needs to take testosterone-replacement therapy. Although the therapy is generally safe, side effects can occur; these include acne or oily skin, fluid retention, enlargement of the prostate gland and hair loss. Various muscles and ligaments combine to make the arch, but the process takes time. This is why infants and even many toddlers have flat feet with no or minimal arches. With time, the muscles strengthen and the ligaments, especially at the ankle, tighten up and do a better job of holding the foot in place. The medial arch appears around two years of age, but it won’t look like an adult arch until about kindergarten age. Generally painless, flat feet can silently lead to repercussions such as backaches, tendonitis, heel spurs etc., triggered by over pronation. This article tells you how to spot and manage flat feet better. Doctors often misdiagnose pes anserinus tendinitis as a medial meniscus tear or strain, so if your doctor says you have MCL, consider getting a second opinion. Both conditions cause pain in the inner knee. Pes anserinus tendinitis is an inflammation in the three tendons that connect between the shinbone and thigh muscles to become the pes anserinus tendon. Overuse of the knee, such as from running or sports that involve jumping, is usually the cause. However, when these tendons and the hamstrings muscles are strong they take pressure off the pes anserinus tendon and overuse will not occur. (See References 1 and 2). Medial Tendon Strengthening Just as the longevity of a bridge depends on the stability of its arch, the same can be said for fallen arches in the human foundation. According to the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons website, fallen arches is an adult developed flatfoot affliction where the main arch-supporting tendon starts to collapse and as a result causes "plantar fasciitis, tendonitis, increased fatigue, and arthritis of the foot and ankle." Certain yoga poses work to build your main tendon, the posterior tibial tendon, and can help to repair some of the symptoms associated with flat feet. Want to get in great shape? Hero Pose. A breast biopsy is the removal of breast tissue and/or a lump in the breast to determine whether cancer or other disorders are present. There are several methods used to obtain tissue samples from the breast. The one your doctor chooses may depend on the size of the abnormality and precisely where in the breast it is located. Liver function testing is a type of blood test which measures specific proteins and enzymes in your blood to help detect and monitor liver damage or disease. There are various facets of the tests, all of which help your doctor to evaluate the health of your liver. Low blood oxygen, also called hypoxemia, occurs when oxygen supply to the bloodstream is reduced or interrupted. Your body needs oxygen in the blood in order for organs to perform properly. Blood oxygen is monitored by an instrument called the oximeter. Normal readings are 95 to 100 at sea level and readings under 90 are considered low, according to the Mayo Clinic. There are ways to improve oxygen saturation in the blood. Glucose is a simple carbohydrate that serves as the primary source of energy for living organisms. Glucose levels are measured by blood and urine tests, and like any other body chemistry, it has normal and abnormal ranges. Well-fitted shoes with good arch support may help prevent flat feet. Maintaining a healthy weight may also lower wear and tear on the arches. Please be aware that this information is provided to supplement the care provided by your physician. It is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. CALL YOUR HEALTHCARE PROVIDER IMMEDIATELY IF YOU THINK YOU MAY HAVE A MEDICAL EMERGENCY. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition. Calluses and corns are another common cause of foot pain. They are actually patches of thickened skin caused by friction or pressure. Calluses appear on the balls of the feet or on the heels while corns will appear on the toes. Calluses are caused by an accumulation of dead skin cells. In severe cases, the callus has a deep seated core called a nucleation. This type of callus is exceptionally painful. Corns are similar to calluses as they are also thickened patches of dead skin cells which have formed as a protective mechanism against pressures on the foot. Corns however are found on the toes.